NPTG 8559 Science and Technology for Nonproliferation and Terrorism Studies
Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey
Fall 2017 Schedule
Chemistry Module Tentative Schedule
In order to get to the description of chemical weapons and explosives as soon as possible, I'm hoping that I can avoid lecturing on some fundamental chemistry topics and assume that to you are either already familiar with these topics or can learn as much as you need to know from reading some sections in my text. These are not topics that I test on specifically, but they do support some of the other more important topics. I'd be glad to discuss these topics in class if necessary, so before the first lecture of the chemistry module, read the following and be prepared to ask questions if you have them.
http://preparatorychemistry.com/Bishop_Book_atoms_1.pdf (Sections 1.3-1.5)
http://preparatorychemistry.com/Bishop_Book_atoms_3.pdf (Section 3.1)
There are also a couple of sections in Chapter 16 of my text that might help you prepare for the physics portion of the class.
http://preparatorychemistry.com/Bishop_Book_atoms_16.pdf (Sections 16.1 and 16.3)
Chemistry Lecture 1 (8/29)
Introduction to the class
“Why do you want to know some chemistry?”
A very quick description of the fundamental chemistry topics that you should know but that you'll need to learn from my text or some other source.
Measurement and Units - Section 1.4 An Introduction to Chemistry - Atoms First (pages 9-19 of Chapter 1)
Chemical Elements - Section 3.1 An Introduction to Chemistry - Atoms First (pages 80-83 of Chapter 3)
Periodic table - Section 3.3 An Introduction to Chemistry - Atoms First (pages 84-87 of Chapter 3)
Elements and atoms An Introduction to Chemistry - Atoms First (pages 87-92 of Chapter 3
Chemistry Lecture 2 (8/31)
Modern Atomic Theory (Just to get the basic ideas) An Introduction to Chemistry - Atoms First (pages 120-145 of Chapter 4)
Chemical bonds An Introduction to Chemistry - Atoms First (pages 175-179 of Chapter 5)
Classifying Compounds An Introduction to Chemistry - Atoms First (page 180 of Chapter 5)
Ionic Compounds An Introduction to Chemistry - Atoms First (pages 181-185 of Chapter 5)
Polyatomic Ions An Introduction to Chemistry - Atoms First (pages185-186 of Chapter 5)
Chemistry Lecture 3 (9/5)
Valence Bond Model for Covalent Bonding An Introduction to Chemistry - Atoms First (pages 188-195 of Chapter 5)
Drawing Lewis Structures, Simple Procedure An Introduction to Chemistry - Atoms First (pages 195-197)
Chlorine as a Chemical Weapon in WWI - War of Nerves (pages 12-18)
Production of Ammonia, Nitric Acid, and Chemical Explosives in WWI - War of Nerves (pages 11-12)
Ammonium Nitrate and the Oklahoma City Bombing
Phosgene - War of Nerves (page 18)
Begin In-class exercise:
You will divide yourselves into groups of four.
Two people in each group will pretend to be terrorists or members of a country's government and plan a simulated chemical weapons attack...choosing the target, the chemical weapon, the means of delivery, the source of the chemical weapon, and the means of transporting the chemicals.
Two people in each group will act as the security team attempting to stop the attack.
The CW-use planners will provide subtle clues to the security people.
The security pair will tell the terrorists what they are looking for, and the CW-use planners will provide clues based on these searches.
Based on the clues they have received, the security team will develop a plan to stop the attack, and failing that, a plan to minimize the effects of the attack.
Near the end of the chemistry module, each group of four will make a 5-minute presentation describing their experience.
Chemistry Lecture 4 (9/7)
Types of Chemical Weapons
Choking Agents, Chlorine and Phosgene
Blister Agents: Sulfur Mustard War of Nerves (page 18-20...see index for more information)
Ways to describe organic structures An Introduction to Chemistry - Atoms First (page 636)
Chemistry Lecture 5 (9/12)
Blood Agents: Hydrogen Cyanide
Proteins and Enzymes An Introduction to Chemistry - Atoms First (pages 637-647)
Nerve Agents and Antidotes War of Nerves (see index for each nerve gas mentioned)
Chemistry Lecture 6 (9/14)
Incapacitants (Moscow Theater Hostage Crisis)
Toxins - Ricin and Saxitoxin
1925 Geneva Protocol War of Nerves (page 21-22...see index for more information)
Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) and the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW)
Chemistry Lecture 7 (9/19)
OPCW fact-finding missions
OPCW identification of sarin use in syria
Chemistry Lecture 8 (10/3)
Class Presentations: Chemical weapons attack and response exercise
Chemistry Lecture 9 (10/5)
Chemistry module quiz
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