NPTG 8559 Science and Technology for Nonproliferation and Terrorism Studies
Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey
Spring 2017
Schedule

   

Chemistry Module Tentative Schedule

In order to get to the description of chemical weapons and explosives as soon as possible, I'm hoping that I can avoid lecturing on some fundamental chemistry topics and assume that to you are either already familiar with these topics or can learn as much as you need to know from reading some sections in my text. These are not topics that I test on specifically, but they do support some of the other more important topics. I'd be glad to discuss these topics in class if necessary, so before the first lecture of the chemistry module, read the following and be prepared to ask questions if you have them.

http://preparatorychemistry.com/Bishop_Book_atoms_1.pdf (Sections 1.3-1.5)

http://preparatorychemistry.com/Appendix_B_atoms.pdf

http://preparatorychemistry.com/Bishop_Book_atoms_3.pdf (Section 3.1)

http://preparatorychemistry.com/KMT_flash.htm

There are also a couple of sections in Chapter 16 of my text that might help you prepare for the physics portion of the class.

http://preparatorychemistry.com/Bishop_Book_atoms_16.pdf (Sections 16.1 and 16.3)

 

Chemistry Lecture 1 (1/31)

Introduction to the class

 “Why do you want to know some chemistry?”

A very quick description of the fundamental chemistry topics that you should know but that you'll need to learn from my text or some other source.

Textbook only?

Measurement and Units - Section 1.4 An Introduction to Chemistry - Atoms First (pages 9-19 of Chapter 1)
Scientific notation - Appendix B An Introduction to Chemistry - Atoms First (pages A-4 and A-5)
Solids, liquids and gases - Section 3.1 An Introduction to Chemistry - Atoms First (pages 76-79 of Chapter 3)

Chemical Elements - Section 3.1 An Introduction to Chemistry - Atoms First (pages 80-83 of Chapter 3)

Periodic table - Section 3.3 An Introduction to Chemistry - Atoms First (pages 84-87 of Chapter 3)

Elements and atoms An Introduction to Chemistry - Atoms First (pages 87-92 of Chapter 3

http://preparatorychemistry.com/Bishop_Book_atoms_3.pdf

 

Chemistry Lecture 2 (2/2)

Modern Atomic Theory (Just to get the basic ideas) An Introduction to Chemistry - Atoms First (pages 120-145 of Chapter 4)
http://preparatorychemistry.com/Bishop_Book_atoms_4.pdf

Chemical bonds An Introduction to Chemistry - Atoms First (pages 175-179 of Chapter 5)

Classifying Compounds An Introduction to Chemistry - Atoms First (page 180 of Chapter 5)

http://preparatorychemistry.com/Bishop_Book_atoms_5.pdf

Ionic Compounds An Introduction to Chemistry - Atoms First (pages 181-185 of Chapter 5)

Polyatomic Ions An Introduction to Chemistry - Atoms First (pages185-186 of Chapter 5)

 

Chemistry Lecture 3 (2/7)

Valence Bond Model for Covalent Bonding An Introduction to Chemistry - Atoms First (pages188-195 of Chapter 5)

Drawing Lewis Structures, Simple Procedure An Introduction to Chemistry - Atoms First (pages195-197)

http://preparatorychemistry.com/Bishop_Book_atoms_5.pdf

Chlorine as a Chemical Weapon in WWI - War of Nerves (pages 12-18)

Production of Ammonia, Nitric Acid, and Chemical Explosives in WWI - War of Nerves (pages 11-12)

Ammonium Nitrate and the Oklahoma City Bombing

Phosgene - War of Nerves (page 18)

 

Begin In-class exercise:

You will divide yourselves into groups of four.

Two people in each group will pretend to be terrorists or members of a country's government and plan a simulated chemical weapons attack...choosing the target, the chemical weapon, the means of delivery, the source of the chemical weapon, and the means of transporting the chemicals.

Two people in each group will act as the security team attempting to stop the attack.

The CW-use planners will provide subtle clues to the security people.

The security pair will tell the terrorists what they are looking for, and the CW-use planners will provide clues based on these searches.

Based on the clues they have received, the security team will develop a plan to stop the attack, and failing that, a plan to minimize the effects of the attack.

Near the end of the chemistry module, each group of four will make a 5-minute presentation describing their experience.

 

Chemistry Lecture 4 (2/9)

Types of Chemical Weapons

Choking Agents, Chlorine and Phosgene

Blister Agents: Sulfur Mustard  War of Nerves (page 18-20...see index for more information)

Ways to describe organic structures An Introduction to Chemistry - Atoms First (page 636)

 

Chemistry Lecture 5 (2/14)

Blood Agents: Hydrogen Cyanide

Proteins and Enzymes  An Introduction to Chemistry - Atoms First (pages 637-647)

Nerve Agents and Antidotes  War of Nerves (see index for each nerve gas mentioned)

Nerve agent animation

Nerve agent animaiton (with audio)

 

Chemistry Lecture 6 (2/16)

Incapacitants (Moscow Theater Hostage Crisis)

Toxins - Ricin and Saxitoxin

1925 Geneva Protocol  War of Nerves (page 21-22...see index for more information)

Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) and the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW)

http://www.cwc.gov/

http://www.opcw.org

http://www.opcw.org/about-opcw/

http://www.opcw.org/chemical-weapons-convention//

http://www.opcw.org/news-publications/publications/facts-and-figures/

 

Chemistry Lecture 7 (2/21)

Australia Group

OPCW fact-finding missions

OPCW identification of sarin use in syria

 

Chemistry Lecture 8 (2/23)

Class Presentations: Chemical weapons attack and response exercise

Review

 

Chemistry Lecture 9 (2/28)

Chemistry module quiz

 

 

Send email to mbishop@miis.edu.